Ronald S. Weinstein, MD


E-Mail Address: 
Phone Number: 
(520) 626-2971
(520) 626-4774
Short Bio: 

Dr. Ronald S. Weinstein was born in Schenectady, New York, and received his B.S. Degree from Union College (Schenectady, New York) in 1960. He attended Albany Medical College from 1960 to 1962 and received his M.D. degree from Tufts University School of Medicine in 1965. He became interested in basic research in medical school and developed an independent research program while a medical student. After his second year, he was awarded a research fellowship under Dr. Stanley Bullivant at the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH). Dr. Weinstein completed his internship and residency (under Dr. Benjamin Castleman) at the MGH and was a Teaching Fellow at Harvard Medical School. At the conclusion of his internship year, in 1966, he successfully competed for his first of many NIH grants, and was named Director of the Mixter Laboratory (at age 27), a position he held throughout his residency. Thus, he had dual roles as a pathology resident and a laboratory director. At the time, he was the youngest M.D.- NIH funded researcher at the Massachusetts General Hospital. His laboratory did pioneering research on the localization of Band 3 protein, the anion transporter, in red cell membranes and on the molecular structure of gap junctions and on their role in cancer.

Dr. Weinstein spent two years as a Major in the U.S. Air Force assigned to the Aerospace Research Laboratories at Wright Patterson Air Force Base in Dayton, Ohio. He carried out research in environmental toxicology and studied Heinz body anemias and oxidative injury in the liver. Following three years as Associate Professor at Tufts, he was named Harriet Blair Borland Chairman and Professor of Pathology at Rush Medical College in Chicago, Illinois, in 1975 and held that position for 15 years. He was named Head of Pathology at the University of Arizona in 1990 and stepped down last June, completing 32 years as an academic department head.

Dr. Weinstein has made significant contributions in research, service, and education. In the research arena, Dr. Weinstein made contributions in the fields of experimental pathology and human bladder cancer and, more recently, in the fields of telemedicine and telepathology. While at Rush Medical College, in Chicago, Dr. Weinstein served as Director of the Central Pathology Laboratory of the NIH-funded National Bladder Cancer Group, the largest clinical trail group in the field. He organized the National Urinary Bladder Flow Cytometry Network in 1985 and played a central role in bringing flow cytometry into routine clinical practice. He was recognized for these accomplishments when he was elected President of the International Society for Urological Pathology and received that organization’s Distinguished Service Award.

Dr. Weinstein is widely regarded as a pioneer in the field of telepathology and has created major academic programs in this emerging area. Dr. Weinstein is often cited as the "father of telepathology". He authored the first paper on telepathology, in 1986, and invented robotic telepathology, for which he was awarded several US Patents. Dr. Weinstein established a vision physiology laboratory in Chicago in 1985 and carried out what are now considered classic studies on pathology diagnostic accuracy using video imaging. His early work is the intellectual underpinning of the telepathology field. Dr. Weinstein carried out the first successful test-of-concept demonstrations of robotic telepathology and collaborated on important clinical validation studies. Since the mid-1980’s, Dr. Weinstein and his colleagues have produced a steady stream of basic and clinical research papers on telepathology and studied many aspects of diagnostic imaging ranging from studies on human factors in imaging to practice models for telehealthcare services delivery. He also has co-authored three books in the telepathology and medical informatics field.

Dr. Weinstein’s work in telepathology forms the basis for telepathology programs in over 35 countries. These programs provide diagnostic services for tens of thousand of patients world-wide. Dr. Weinstein frequently lectures on the topic. For example, he has given invited lectures at international symposia in seven countries in Europe, Asia and Latin America. Dr. Weinstein has worked on developing international standards and platforms for telepathology and has been a consultant to the European Union, the World Health Organization, and the Japanese and Panamanian Governments. He also promoted international telepathology for third world nations as President of the International Council of the Societies of Pathology, a World Health Organization-sponsored Council that coordinates the activities of pathology societies in 46 countries. More recently, Dr. Weinstein co-invented the array microscope which serves as the digital imaging engine for the first ultra-rapid virtual slide scanner and has been awarded fundamental patents for this invention. Dr. Weinstein is the first of five co-inventors listed on the fundamental patent for the array microscope. The invention has been recognized as a break through technology by the Wall Street Journal. Recently, his clinical research group developed a new model for breast care, based in part on the array microscope, successfully bundling teleradiology, telepathology and teleoncology services into a single day expedited breast service (IBM Systems Journal 46: 69-84, 2007). Over 6,000 women in rural Arizona have benefited from same day breast mammography diagnostic services, which is revolutionary in women’s health care.

Clinical Information
Clinical Focus: 

Clinical Practice Sites: 
The University of Arizona Medical Center - University Campus
Research Information
Research Program: 
2. Cancer Imaging
Member Status: 
Year of Membership Acceptance: 
Summary of Research Activity: 

Selected Publications: 

Scientific Papers:

1. Weinstein RS, Moloney WC: Virus-like particles associated with chloroleukemia in the rat. Proc Soc Exptl Biol Med 1965; 118:459-461.

2. Weinstein RS, Someda K: The freeze-cleave approach to the ultrastructure of frozen tissues. Cryobiology 1967; 4:116-129.

3. Weinstein RS, Bullivant S: The application of freeze-cleaving techniques to studies on red blood cell fine structure. Blood 1967; 29:780-789.

4. Weinstein RS, Williams RA: Freeze-cleaving of red cell membranes in paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria. Blood 1967; 30:785-791.

5. Weinstein RS, Merk FB: Periodicity in the cytoplasm freeze-cleaved sheep erythrocytes. Proc Soc Exptl Biol Med 1967; 125:28-30.

6. Weinstein RS, Koo VM: Penetration of red cell membranes by some membrane-associated particles. Proc Soc Exptl Biol Med 1968; 128:353-357.

7. Weinstein RS: Current concepts: The structure of cell membranes. N Engl J Med 1969; 281:86-89.

8. McNutt NS, Weinstein RS: Carcinoma of the cervix: Deficiency of nexus intercellular junctions. Science 1969; 165:597-599.

9. McNutt NS, Weinstein RS: The ultrastructure of the nexus: A correlative thin-section and freeze-cleave study. J Cell Biol 1970; 47:666-688.

10. Steck TL, Weinstein RS, Straus JM, Wallach DFH: Inside-out red cell membrane vesicles: Preparation and purification. Science 1970; 168:255-257.

11. Weinstein RS, McNutt NS: Electron microscopy of red cell membranes. Seminars in Hematology 1970; 7:259-274.

12. Weinstein RS, Clowes, AW, McNutt NS: Unique cleavage planes in frozen red cell membranes. Proc Soc Exptl Biol Med 1970; 134:1195-1198.

13. Weinstein RS, Hogg J, Nash G, McNutt NS: Freeze-cleaved lung. A preliminary report on the ultrastructure of the alveolar sac in normal mouse. 1st Conf on Environ Toxicol, Fairborn, Ohio; 1970. pp. 251-273.

14. McNutt NS, Hershberg RA, Weinstein RS: Further observations on the occurrence of nexuses in benign and malignant human cervical epithelium. J Cell Biol 1971; 51:805-825.

15. Weinstein RS, Kornblith PL: Ultrastructure of a cloned astrocytoma in tissue culture. Cancer 1971; 27:1174-1181.

16. Weinstein RS, McNutt NS: Current concepts: cell junctions. N Engl J Med 1972; 286:521-524.

17. Weinstein RS, Boyd DD, Back KC: Effects of continuous inhalation of dichloromethane in the mouse. Morphologic and functional observations. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 1972; 23:660-679.

18. Weinstein RS, George J: Interrelationship of methemoglobin, reduced glutathione and Heinz bodies in monomethylhydrazine-induced anemia. Third Conf Environ Toxicol, Fairborn, Ohio; 1972. pp. 281-301.

19. McNutt NS, Weinstein RS: Membrane ultrastructure at mammalian intercellular junctions. Prog Biophys Mol Biol 1973; 26:45-102.

20. Weinstein RS, Cedars MG, Wallach JS: Automation of microstereology. The development of a biological test system for evaluating the performance of computer-controlled optical scanners. Fifth Conf Environ Toxicol, Fairborn, Ohio; 1974. pp. 1-10.

21. Alroy J, Leav I, DeLellis RA, Weinstein RS: Distinctive intestinal mast cell neoplasms of domestic cats. Lab Invest 1975; 33:159-167.

22. Weinstein RS, George ME, Steingart RH: Contribution of Heinz bodies to alterations in red blood cell deformability. Toxicol App Pharmacol 1975; 32:545-558.

23. Branton D, Bullivant S, Gilula NB, Karnovsky MJ, Moor H, Muhlethaler I, Northcote DH, Packer L, Satir B, Satir P, Speth V, Staehelin LA, Steere RL, Weinstein RS: Freeze-etching nomenclature. Science 1975; 190:54-56.

24. Weinstein RS, Merk FB, Alroy J: Structure and function of intercellular junctions in cancer. Adv Cancer Res 1976; 23:23-89.

25. Alroy J, Weinstein RS: Unusual cell junction complexes in canine mammary adenoacanthomas. J Natl Cancer Inst 1976; 56:667-670.

26. Weinstein RS: Changes in plasma membrane structure associated with malignant transformation in human urinary bladder epithelium. Cancer Res 1976; 36:2518-2524.

27. Marikovsky Y, Brown CS, Weinstein RS, Wortis HH: Effects of lysolecithin on surface properties of human erythrocytes. Exptl Cell Res 1976; 98:313-324.

28. Merk FB, Pauli BU, Jacobs JB, Alroy J, Friedell GH, Weinstein RS: Malignant transformation of urinary bladder in humans and in FANFT-exposed Fischer rats. Ultrastructure of the major components of the permeability barrier. Cancer Res 1977; 37:2843-2853.

29. Pauli BU, Weinstein RS, Soble LW, Alroy J: Freeze-fracture of monolayer cultures. J Cell Biol 1977; 72:763-769.

30. Alroy J, Pauli BU, Weinstein RS, Merk FB: Association of asymmetric unit membrane plaque formation in the urinary bladder of adult humans with therapeutic radiation. Experientia 1977; 33:1645-1647.

31. Paul BU, Weinstein RS, Alroy J, Arai M: Ultrastructure of cell junctions in FANFT-induced urothelial tumors in urinary bladder of Fischer rats. Lab Invest 1977; 37:609-621.

32. Alroy J, Teramura K, Miller AW, Pauli BU, Gottesman JE, Flanagan M, Davidsohn I, Weinstein RS: Isoantigens A, B and H in urinary bladder carcinomas following radiotherapy. Cancer 1978; 41:1739-1745.

33. Weinstein RS, Khodadad JK, Steck TL: Ultrastructural characterization of proteins at the natural surfaces of the red cell membrane. Prog Clin Biol Res 1978; 21:413-427.

34. Alroy J, Teramura BS, Davidsohn I, Weinstein RS: A method for demonstrating blood group isoantigens in permanent tissue sections. Stain Tech 1978; 53:53-56.

35. Weinstein RS, Khodadad JK, Steck TL: Fine structure of Band 3 protein in human red cell membranes. Freeze-fracture studies. J Supramol Struct 1978; 8:325-335.

36. Marikovsky Y, Khodadad, JK, Weinstein RS: Influence of red cell shape on surface charge topography. Exptl Cell Res 1978; 116:191-197.

37. Pauli BU, Cohen SM, Alroy J, Weinstein RS: Desmosome ultrastructure and the biological behavior of chemical carcinogen-induced urinary bladder carcinomas. Cancer Res 1978; 38:3276-3285.

38. Pauli BU, Friedell GH, Weinstein RS: Topography and numerical densities of intramembrane particles in chemical carcinogen-induced urinary bladder carcinomas in Fischer rats. Lab Invest 1978; 39:565-573.

39. Weinstein RS, Alroy J, Farrow GM, Miller AW III, Davidsohn I: Blood group isoantigen deletion in carcinoma in situ of the urinary bladder. Cancer 1979; 43:661-668.

40. Weinstein RS: The origin and dissemination of human urinary bladder carcinoma. Seminars Oncology 1979; 6:149-156.

41. Pauli BU, Kuettner KE, Weinstein RS: Intercellular junctions in FANFT-induced carcinomas of rat urinary bladder in tissue culture. In situ thin section, freeze-fracture and scanning electron microscopy studies. J Microscopy 1979; 115:271-282.

42. Weinstein RS, Koo C, Pauli BU, Jacobs JB, Friedell GH: Epithelial injury by cystoscopy fluids. Seminars Oncology 1979; 6:257-259.

43. Alroy J, Weinstein RS: Intraepithelial asymmetric unit membrane plaques in mammalian urinary bladder. Anat Record 1980; 197:75-83.

44. Weinstein RS, Miller AW III, Pauli BU: Carcinoma in situ: Pathobiology of a paradox. Urol Clin N Amer 1980; 7:523-531.

45. Alroy J, Pauli BU, Weinstein RS: Correlation between numbers of desmosomes and the aggressiveness of transitional cell carcinoma in human urinary bladder. Cancer 1981; 47:104-112.

46. Coon JS, Weinstein RS: Variability in the expression of the O(H) antigen in human transitional epithelial cells. J Urology 1981; 125:301-306.

47. Pauli BU, Weinstein RS: Structure of gap junctions in culture of normal and neoplastic bladder epithelial cells. Experientia 1981; 37:248-250.

48. Alroy J, Pauli BU, Weinstein RS: Association of therapeutic radiation with Golgi complex hypertrophy in human urinary bladder carcinomas: Quantitative electron microscopy studies. Ultrastructural Path 1981; 2:43-52.

49. Coon JS, Weinstein RS: Detection of ABH tissue isoantigens by immunoperoxidase methods in normal and neoplastic urothelium. Comparison with the erythrocyte adherence method. Amer J Clin Path 1981; 76:163-171.

50. Marikovsky Y, Weinstein RS: Lateral mobility of negative charge sites at the surfaces of sheep erythrocytes. Exptl Cell Res 1981; 136:169-175.

51. Coon JS, Weinstein RS, Summers JL: Blood group precursor T antigen expression in human urinary bladder carcinoma. Am J Clin Path 1982; 77:692-699.

52. Pauli BU, Weinstein RS: Correlations between cell surface protease activities and abnormalities in occludens junctions in rat bladder carcinoma in vitro. Cancer Res 1982; 42:2289-2297.

53. Alroy J, Merk FB, Morre DJ, Weinstein RS: Membrane differentiation in the Golgi apparatus of mammalian urinary bladder epithelium. Anat Rec 1982; 203:429-440.

54. Kuszak JR, Rae JL, Pauli BU, Weinstein RS: Rotary replication of lens gap junctions. J Ultrast Res 1982; 81:249-256.

55. Summers JL, Coon JS, Ward RM, Falor WH, Miller A, Weinstein RS: Prognosis in carcinoma of the urinary bladder based upon tissue ABH and T antigen status and karyotype of the initial tumor. Cancer Res 1983; 43:934-939.

56. Khodadad JK, Weinstein RS: The band 3-rich membrane of llama erythrocyte: Studies on cell shape and organization of membrane proteins. J Membrane Biol 1983; 72:161-171.

57. Pauli BU, Cohen SM, Weinstein RS: Cellular changes in rat urinary bladder carcinomas induced by N-{4-(5-nitro-2-furyl)-2-thiazolyl} formamide: A quantitative electron microscopy analysis. J Urol 1983; 129:646-651.

58. Coon JS, Pauli BU, Weinstein RS: Precancer of the urinary bladder. Cancer Surveys 1983; 2:479-494.

59. Weinstein RS, Schneiderman H: Medical care and the post-sophomore fellowship year. Human Path 1983; 14:6-8.

60. Weinstein RS: The concept of an association of residency program directors. Pathologist 1983; 37:136-138.

61. Weinstein RS, Coon JS: Tissue blood group ABH and Thomsen-Friedenreich antigens in human urinary bladder carcinoma. Prog Clin Biol Res 1984; 153:249-260.

62. Bacus JW, Wiley EL, Galbraith W, Marshall PN, Wilbanks GD, Weinstein RS: Malignant cell detection and cervical cancer screening. Analyt Quant Cytol 1984; 6:121-130.

63. Lieber MR, Lange Y, Weinstein RS, Steck TL: Interaction of chlorpromazine with the human erythrocyte membrane. J Biological Chem 1984; 259:9225-9234.

64. Hill RB, Weinstein RS, Neff JC, Gravanis MB, Cancilla PA, Anderson RE: Capitalizing on a fifth year in pathology. Human Path 1984; 15:602-604.

65. Coon JS, McCall A, Miller AW III, Farrow GM, Weinstein RS: Expression of blood group-related antigens in carcinoma in situ of the urinary bladder. Cancer 1985; 56:797-804.

66. Marikovsky Y, Weinstein RS, Skutelsky E, Danon D: Changes in cell shape and surface charge topography in ATP-depleted human red blood cells. Mech Aging Develop 1985; 29:309-316.

67. Coon JS, Watkins JR, Pauli BU, Weinstein RS: Flow cytometric analysis of heterogeneity in blood group related antigen expression in a human urinary bladder carcinoma cell line 647V. Cancer Res 1985; 45:3014-3021.

68. Marikovsky Y, Weinstein RS, Pauli BU: Surface charge distribution in normal and transformed rat bladder epithelial cells in vitro. Lab Invest 1985; 53:328-334.

69. Khodadad JK, Weinstein RS: Band 3 protein of the red cell membrane of the llama: Crosslinking and cleavage of the cytoplasmic domain. Biochem Biophys Res Comm 1985; 130:493-499.

70. Bloom KJ, Weinstein RS: Expert systems: robot physicians of the future. Human Path 1985; 16:1082-1084.

71. Kuszak JR, Macsai MS, Bloom KJ, Rae JL, Weinstein RS: Cell-to-cell fusion of lens fiber cells in situ. Correlative light, scanning electron microscopic and freeze-fracture studies. J Ultrastruct Res 1985; 93:144-160.

72. Weinstein RS, Banner BF, Kuszak JR, Thomas NJ, Pauli BU: Ultrastructure of prostaglandin-exposed rat stomach: Transmission and scanning electron microscopy studies of tight junctions. Dig Dis Sci 1986; (Suppl)31:S115-S119.

73. Coon JS, Schwartz D, Summers JL, Miller AW III, Weinstein RS: Flow cytometry of deparaffinized nuclei in urinary bladder carcinoma: Comparison with cytogenetic analysis. Cancer 1986; 57:1594-1601.

74. Weinstein RS, Coon JS, Schwartz D, Miller AW III, Pauli BU: Pathology of superficial bladder cancer with emphasis on carcinoma in situ. Urology 1986; 26:2-10.

75. Coon JS, Landay AL, Weinstein RS: Flow cytometric analysis of paraffin embedded tumors: Implications for diagnostic pathology. Human Path 1986; 17:435-437.

76. Khodadad JK, Weinstein RS, Steck TL: Quantitation of intramembrane particles of McLeod red cells. Proc Electron Micros Soc Am 1986; 44:218-219.

77. Ozono S, Lee IC, Weinstein RS, Oyasu R: Stimulation of rat bladder epithelial DNA synthesis by intravesicle instillation of distilled water. Proc Soc Exptl Biol Med 1986; 182:325-327.

78. Weinstein RS, Tazelaar HD, Loew JM: Red cell comets: Ultrastructure of axial elongation of the membrane skeleton. Blood Cells 1986; 11:343-357.

79. Weinstein RS, Tazelaar HD, Loew JM: Reply to a commentary on: Red cell comets: Ultrastructure of axial elongation of the membrane skeleton. Blood Cells 1986; 11:363-366.

80. Bull BS, Weinstein RS, Korpman R: On the thickness of the red cell membrane skeleton: Quantitative electron microscopy of maximally narrowed isthmus regions of intact cells. Blood Cells 1986; 12:25-42.

81. Coon JS, Weinstein RS: Blood group-related antigens as markers of malignant potential and heterogeneity in human carcinomas. Human Path 1986; 17:1089-1106.

82. Mostofi K, Ito N, Weinstein RS, Barlebo H, Bultinck J, Buyssens N, Friedell G, Gepts W, Hofstadter F, Johansson S, Shimasato Y, Ten kate H: Pathology of bladder cancer. Prog Clin Biol Res 1986; 221:67-83.

83. Couch MJ, Pauli BU, Weinstein RS, Coon JS: Modulation of the metastatic phenotype by 13-Cis retinoic acid. J Natl Cancer Inst 1987; 78:971-977.

84. Coon JS, Landay AL, Weinstein RS: Advances in flow cytometry for diagnostic pathology. Lab Invest 1987; 57:453-479.

85. McLawhon RW, Marikovsky Y, Thomas NJ, Weinstein RS: Ethanol-induced alterations in erythrocyte shape and agglutinability: Modulatory role of prostaglandin EI. J Membrane Biol 1987; 99:73-78.

86. Weinstein RS, Bloom KJ, Rozek LS: Telepathology: system design and specifications. SPIE Proceedings Visual Comm Image Processing; 1987. 845:404-407.

87. Weinstein RS, Bloom KJ, Rozek LS: Telepathology and the networking of pathology diagnostic services. Arch Path Lab Med 1987; 111:646-652.

88. Bloom KJ, Rozek LS, Weinstein RS: ROC curve analysis of super high resolution video for histopathology. SPIE Proceedings Visual Comm Image Processing; 1987. 845:408-412.

89. Tazelaar HD, Schneiderman H, Yaremko L, Weinstein RS: Medical student attitudes towards the autopsy as an educational tool. J Med Educ 1987; 62:66-68.

90. Coon JS, Deitch AD, deVere White RW, Koss LG, Melamed MR, Reeder JF, Weinstein RS, Wersto RP, Wheeless LL: Interinstitutional variability in DNA flow cytometric analysis of tumors - the National Cancer Institute's Flow Cytometry Network (NCI-FCN) experience. Cancer 1988; 61:126-130.

91. McIntire TL, Murphy WM, Coon JS, Chandler RW, Schwartz D, Conway S, Weinstein RS: The prognostic value of DNA ploidy combined with histologic substaging for incidental carcinoma of the prostate. Am J Clin Path 1988; 89:370-373.

92. Coon JS, Schwartz D, Weinstein RS: Markers in the analysis of human urinary bladder carcinoma. Advances Path 1988; 1:201-228.

93. Haddad WS, Boyer K, Cullen D, Rhodes CK, Salem JC, Weinstein RS: Design for a Fourier-transform holographic microscope. Int Symp X-Ray Microscopy 1988; 2:284-287.

94. Couch MJ, Pauli BU, Weinstein RS: Induction of reversible changes in cell surface glycoconjugates and lung colonization potential by 13-cis retinoic acid. J Cellular Biochem 1988; 37:213-223.

95. Kuszak JR, Ennesser CA, Umlas J, Macsai-Kaplan MS, Weinstein RS: The ultrastructure of fiber cells in primate lenses: A model for studying membrane senescence. J Ultrastruct Mol Struct Res 1988; 100:60-74.

96. Wheeless LL, Coon JS, Deitch AD, de Vere White RW, Koss LG, Melamed MR, Reeder JE, Robinson RD, Weinstein RS, Wersto RP: Comparison of automated and manual techniques for analysis of DNA frequency distribution in bladder washings. Cytometry 1988; 9:600-604.

97. Heney NM, Koontz WW, Barton B, Soloway M, Trump DL, Hazra T, Weinstein RS: Intravesical thiotepa versus mitomycin C in patients with TA, TI and TIS transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder: A phase 3 prospective randomized study. J Urology 1988; 140:1390-1393.

98. Khodadad JK, Weinstein RS, March LW, Steck TL: Shape determinants of McLeod acanthocytes. J Membrane Biology 1989; 107:213-218.

99. Coon JS, Deitch AD, deVere White RW, Koss LG, Melamed MR, Reeder JE, Weinstein RS, Wersto RP, Wheeless LL: Check samples for laboratory self-assessment in flow cytometry. Cancer 1989; 63:1592-1599.

100. Hermansen D, Melamed MR, Coon JS, Weinstein RS, deVere White R, Deitch AD, Wheeless LL, Reeder JE, Wersto R, Koss L: Ethanol fixation of bladder irrigation specimens for flow cytometry. Cancer 1989; 63:1780-1783.

101. Claud RD, Weinstein RS, Howeedy A, Straus AK, Coon JS: Comparison of image analysis of imprints with flow cytometry for DNA analysis of solid tumors. Modern Path 1989; 2:463-467.

102. Weinstein RS, Warth JA, Near K, Marikovsky Y: Sequestrocyte: a manifestation of transcellular cross-bonding of the red cell membrane in sickle cell anemia. J Cell Science 1989; 94:593-600.

103. Wheeless LL, Coon JS, Cox C, Deitch AD, deVere White RW, Koss LG, Melamed MR, O'Connell MJ, Reeder JE, Weinstein RS, Wersto RP: Measurement variability in DNA flow cytometry of replicate samples: A multi-institutional study. Cytometry 1989; 10:731-738.

104. Kuszak JR, Ennesser CA, Imherr-McMannis S, Jones-Rufer, LS, Weinstein RS: The contribution of cell-to-cell fusion to the ordered structure of the crystalline lens. Lens Research 1989; 6:639-673.

105. Weinstein RS, Bloom KJ, Rozek LS: Telepathology: long distance diagnosis. Amer J Clin Path 1989; (Suppl)9:539-542.

106. Weinstein RS, Coon JS, Dominguez JM, Jakate SM, Lebovitz MD, Chang MA, Kluskens LF: Correlation between ABO blood type and P-glycoprotein expression in epithelia. Lancet 1990; 336:54-55.

107. Weinstein RS, Kuszak JR, Kluskens LF, Coon JS: P-glycoproteins in pathology. The multidrug resistance (MDR) gene family in humans. Human Path 1990; 21:34-38.

108. Weinstein RS, Bloom KJ, Rozek LS: Static and dynamic imaging in pathology. IEEE Proceedings Image Management Comm 1990; 1:77-85.

109. Dowlatshahi K, Bangert JD, Haklin MF, Rhodes CK, Weinstein RS, Economou SG: Protection of fiber function by para-axial fluid flow in interstitial laser therapy of malignant tumors. Lasers Med Surg 1990; 10:322-327.

110. Weinstein RS, Kuszak JR, Jakate SM, Lebovitz MD, Kluskens LF, Coon JS: ABO blood type predicts the cytolocalization of anti-P-glycoprotein monoclonal antibody reactivity in human colon and ureter. Human Path 1990; 21:949-958.

111. Weinstein RS, Grogan TM, Kuszak JR, Jakate SM, Kluskens LF, Coon JS: Multidrug resistance gene product (P-glycoprotein) in normal tissue and tumors. Advances Path Lab Med 1991; 4:207-234.

112. Coon JS, Knudson W, Clodfelter K, Lu B, Weinstein RS: Solutol HS 15, nontoxic polyethylene esters of 12-hydroxystearic acid, reverses multi-drug resistance. Cancer Res 1991; 51:897-902.

113. Aamodt RL, Coon JS, Deitch A, deVere White RW, Koss LG, Melamed MR, Weinstein RS, Wheeless LL: Flow cytometric evaluation of bladder cancer: Recommendations of the NCI flow cytometry network for bladder cancer. World J Urol 1991; 9:1-5.

114. Weinstein RS, Jakate SM, Dominguez JM, Lebovitz MD, Koukoulis GK, Kuszak JR, Kluskens LF, Grogan TM, Saclarides TJ, Roninson IB, Coon JS: Relationship of the expression of the multidrug resistance gene product (P-glycoprotein) in human colon carcinoma to local tumor aggressiveness and lymph node metastasis. Cancer Res 1991; 51:2720-2726.

115. Wheeless LL, Coon JS, Cox C, Deitch AD, deVere White RW, Fradet Y, Koss LG, Melamed, MR, O'Connell MJ, Reeder JE, Weinstein RS, Wersto RP: Precision of DNA flow cytometry in inter-institutional analyses. Cytometry 1991; 12:405-412.

116. Weinstein RS: Telepathology: Practicing pathology in two places at once. J Clin Lab Management 1992; 6:171-175.

117. Saclarides TJ, Jakate SM, Coon JS, Bhattacharyya AK, Dominguez JM, Sziluga DJ, Weinstein RS. Variable expression of P-glycoprotein in normal, inflamed, and dysplastic areas in ulcerative colitis. Dis Colon Rectum 1992; 35:747-752.

118. Weinstein RS, Bloom KJ, Krupinski, EA, Rozek, LS. Human performance studies of the video component of a dynamic telepathology system. Zentral. Pathologie 1992; 138:381-436.

119. Grogan TM, Spier CM, Salmon SE, Matzner M, Rybski J, Weinstein RS, Scheper RJ, Dalton WS. P-glycoprotein expression in human plasma cell myeloma: correlation with prior chemotherapy. Blood 1993; 81:490-495.

120. Bellamy WT, Odeleye A, Finley P, Huizenga E, Dalton WS, Weinstein RS, Hersh EV, Grogan TM. An in vivo model of human multidrug resistant multiple myeloma in SCID mice. Am. J. Pathol 1993; 142:691-698.

121. Thompson F, Emerson J, Dalton W, Yang J-M, McGee D, Villar H, Knox S, Massey K, Weinstein RS, Bhattacharyya A, Trent J. Clonal chromosome abnormalities in human breast carcinomas: I: 28 cases with primary disease. Genes, Chromosomes and Cancer 1993; 7:185-193.

122. Weinstein RS, Hansen KK, MacBeath RB, Dalton WS. Expression of the MDR1 gene (P-glycoprotein) in breast cancer. Recent Results Cancer Res 1993; 127:49-54.

123. Krupinski E, Weinstein RS, Bloom KJ, Rozek LS. Progress in telepathology: System implementation and testing. Advances in Path Lab Med 1993; 6:63-87.

124. Thompson FH, Lui Y, Emerson J, Alberts D, Guan X-Y, Burgess A, Fox S, Taetle R, Weinstein RS, Makar R, Powell D, Trent J. Clonal chromosome abnormalities in 54 cases of ovarian carcinoma. Cancer Genet Cytogenet 1994; 73:33-45.

125. Yu Y-P, Martinez R, Krupinski E, Weinstein RS. Analysis of JPEG compression on communications in a telepathology system. Proc SPIE 1994; 2165: 283-294.

126. Thompson FH, Liu Y, Emerson J, Weinstein RS, Makar R, Trent JM, Taetle R, Alberts DS. Simple numeric abnormalities as primary karyotype changes in ovarian carcinoma. Cancer Genet Cytogenet 1994; 73:33-45.

127. Bhattacharyya AK, Davis JR, Halliday BE, Graham AR, Leavitt SA, Martinez R, Rivas R, Weinstein RS. Case triage model for the practice of telepathology. Telemedicine J 1995; 1:9-17.

128. Thompson FH, Emerson J, Olson S, Weinstein RS, Leavitt SA, Leong SPL, Emerson S, Trent JM, Nelson MA, Salmon SE, Taetle R. Cytogenetics in 158 patients with regional or disseminated melanoma: Subset analysis of near diploid and simple karyotypes. Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 1995; 83:93-104.

129. Weinstein RS, Bhattacharyya A, Halliday BE, Yu Y-P, Davis JR, Byers JM, Graham AR, Martinez R. Pathology consultation service via the Arizona-International Telemedicine Network. Arch Anat Cytol Pathol 1995; 43:219-226.

130. Bellamy WT, Odeleye A, Huizenga E, Dalton WS, Weinstein RS, Grogan TM. SCID mouse modeling of P-glycoprotein chemosensitization in multidrug resistance human myeloma xenografts. Clin Cancer Res 1995; 1:1563-1570.

131. Bellamy WT, Peng YM, Odeleye A, Ellsworth L, Xu MJ, Grogan TM, Weinstein RS. Cardiotoxicity in the SCID mouse following administration of doxorubicin and cyclosporin A. Anti-Cancer Drugs 1995; 6:736-743.

132. Bellamy WT, Mendibles P, Bontje P, Thompson FH, Richter L, Weinstein RS, Grogan TM. Development of an orthotopic SCID mouse-human tumor xenograft model displaying the multidrug-resistant phenotype. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol 1996; 37:305-316.

133. Thompson FH, Nelson MA, Trent JM, Guan X-Y, Yang J-M, Emerson J, Adair L, Wymer J, Balfour C, Massey K, Weinstein RS, Alberts DS, Taetle R. Amplification of 19q13.1--q13.2 sequences in ovarian cancer. Cancer Genet Cytogenet 1996; 87:55-62.

134. Beck WT, Grogan TM, Willman CL, Cordon-Cardo C, Parham DM, Kuttesch JF, Andreeff M, Bates SE, Berard CS, Boyett JM, Brophy NA, Broxterman HJ, Chan HSL, Dalton WS, Dietel M., Fojo AT, Gascoyne RD, Head D, Houghton PJ, Srivastava DK, Lehnert M, Leith CP, Paietta E, Pavelic ZP, Roninson IB, Sikic BI, Twentyman PR, Warnke R, Weinstein RS. Methods to detect P-glycoprotein-associated multidrug resistance in patients= tumors: Consensus recommendations. Cancer Research 1996; 56:3010-3020.

135. Krupinski EA, Weinstein RS, Rozek LS. Experience-related differences in diagnosis from medical images displayed on monitors. Telemedicine J 1996; 2:101-108.

136. Weinstein RS. Conference overview and commentary. Cell Vision 1996; 3:442-446.

137. Almagro UA, Dunn BE, Choi H, Recla DL, Weinstein RS. The gross pathology workstation: An essential component of a dynamic-robotic telepathology system. Cell Vision 1996; 3:470-473.

138. Dunn BE, Chejfec G, Weinstein RS. Progress toward development of a full-service, telepathology-based laboratory. Cell Vision 1996; 3:463-466.

139. Weinstein RS, Bhattacharyya AK, Graham AR, Davis JR. Telepathology: A ten-year progress report. Human Pathol 1997; 28: 1-7.

140. Dunn BE, Almagro UA, Choi H, Sheth NK, Arnold JS, Recla DL, Krupinski EA, Graham AR, Weinstein RS. Dynamic-robotic telepathology: Department of Veterans Affairs feasibility study. Human Pathol 1997; 28:8-12.

141. Halliday BE, Bhattacharyya, Graham AR, Davis JR, Leavitt SA, Nagle RB, McLaughlin WJ, Rivas RA, Martinez R, Krupinski EA, Weinstein RS. Diagnostic accuracy of an international static-imaging telepathology consultation service. Human Pathol 1997; 28:17-21.

142. Dunn BE, Almagro UA, Choi H, Recla DL, Weinstein RS. Use of telepathology for routine surgical pathology review in a test bed in the Department of Veterans Affairs. Telemedicine J 1997; 3:1-10. (Telemedicine J Manuscript of the Year Award)

143. Krupinski E, Maloney K, Hopper L, Weinstein RS. Evaluation of radiologist performance using telemedicine services. Journal of Digital Imaging 1997; 10:83-85.

144. Thompson FH, Taetle R, Trent JM, Liu Y, Massey-Brown K, Scott K, Weinstein RS, Emerson JC, Alberts DS, Nelson MA. Band 1p36 abnormalities and t(1;17) in ovarian carcinoma. Cancer Genet Cytogenet 1997; 96:106-110.

145. Weinstein RS, Dunn BE, Graham AR: Telepathology networks as models of telemedicine services by cybercorps. New Medicine 1997; 1:235-241.

146. McLaughlin WJ, Schifman RB, Ryan KJ, Manriquez GM, Bhattacharyya AK, Dunn BE, Weinstein RS: Telemicrobiology: Feasibility Study. Telemedicine J 1988; 3:11-17.

147. McNeill KM, Weinstein RS, Holcomb MJ: Arizona Telemedicine Program: Implementing a statewide health care network. JAMA 1998; 5:441-447.

148. McNeill KM, Weinstein RS, Holcomb MJ. Teleradiology in an integrated telemedicine environment. In: Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery CAR >98. Lemke HU, Vannier MW, Inamura K, Farman AG, eds. Elsevier, New York; 1998. 484-489.

149. Agha Z, Weinstein RS, Dunn BE: Cost minimization analysis of telepathology. Am J Clin Pathol 1999; 112:470-478.

150. Krupinski EA, LeSueur B, Ellsworth L, Levine N, Hansen R, Silvis N, Sarantopoulos P, Hite P, Wurzel J, Weinstein RS, Lopez AM: Diagnostic accuracy and image quality using a digital camera for teledermatology. Telemedicine J 1999; 5:257-263.

151. Krupinski EA, Webster P, Dolliver M, Weinstein RS: Efficiency analysis of a multi-service telemedicine service. Telemedicine J 1999; 5:265-271.

152. Krupinski EA, Gonzales M, Gonzales C, Weinstein RS: Evaluation of a digital camera for acquiring teleradiology images. In: Lemke HU, Vannier MW, Inamura K, Farman AG, eds. Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery CAR 99. Elsevier, New York; 1999. 529-533.

153. Dunn BE, Choi H, Almagro UA, Recla DL, Krupinski EA, Weinstein RS. Routine surgical pathology in the Department of Veterans Affairs: experience-related improvements in pathologist performance in 2200 cases. Telemedicine J 1999; 5:323-337.

154. Prout GR, Wesley MN, Greenberg RS, Chen VW, Brown CC, Miller AW, Weinstein RS, Robboy, SJ, Haynes MA, Blacklow RS, Edwards BK. Bladder Cancer: Race differences in extent of disease at diagnosis. Cancer 2000; 89:1349-1358.

155. Krupinski E, Gonzales M, Gonzales C, Weinstein RS. Evaluation of a digital camera for acquiring radiographic images for telemedicine applications. Telemedicine J e-health 2000; 6:297-302.

156. Krupinski EA, Barker GP, Beinar S, Lopez AM, Weinstein RS. Fluctuations in service loads in an established telemedicine program. Telemedicine J e-Health 2001; 7:27-31.

157. Scott KM, Fanta P, Calaluce R, Dalkin B, Weinstein RS, Nagle RB. Diagnostic frozen prostate sextant biopsies: an approach for preserving protein and RNA for additional studies. Prostate 2000; 44:296-302.

158. Weinstein RS, Descour MR, Liang C, Bhattacharyya AK, Graham AR, Davis JR, Scott KM, Richter L, Krupinski EA, Szymus J, Kayser K, Dunn BE. Telepathology overview. From concept to implementation. Human Pathol 2001; 32:1283-1299.

159. Szymus J, Wolf G, Papierz W, Jarosz B, Weinstein RS. Online internet-based robotic telepathology in the diagnosis of neuro-oncology cases: A teleneuropathology feasibility study. Human Pathol 2001; 32:1304-1308.

160. Barker G, Krupinski EA, Larsen T, Erps K, Weinstein RS. Pay per view. The Arizona telemedicine program’s billing results. Telemedicine J e-Health 2001; 7:287-291.

161. Weinstein RS, McNeill KM. Powering the Arizona telemedicine program. Health Management Technology 2001; 22:46-7.

162. Descour MR, Karkkauinen AHO, Rogers JD, Liang, C, Weinstein RS, Rantala JT. Towards the development of miniaturized imaging systems for the detection of pre-cancer. IEEE J Quantum Electronics 2002; 38:122-130.

163. Krupinski E, Barker G, Rodriguez G, Engstrom M, Levine N, Lopez AM Weinstein RS. Telemedicine versus in-person dermatology referrals: An analysis of case complexity. Telemedicine J e-Health 2002; 8:143-147.

164. Krupinski E, Hughes AM, Barker GP, Lopez AM, Weinstein RS. Fluctuations in telemedicine case volume: correlation with personnel turnover rates. Telemed J E Health 2004; 9:369-373.

165. Lopez AM, Lazarus S, Webster P, Jones EG, Cruz M, Weinstein RS. Use of American sign language in telepsychiatry consultation. Telemedicine J e-Health 2004; 10:389-91.

166. Cruz M, Weinstein RS, Cruz RF, Krupinski EA, McNeely RM. The effect of camera resolution and bandwidth on facial affect recognition. Telemedicine J e-Health 2004; 10:392-402.

167. Krupinski EA, Engstrom M, Barker G, Levine N, Weinstein RS. Challenges in following patients and assessing outcomes in teledermatology. J Telemed Telecare 2004; 10:21-24.

168. Krupinski EA, Barker G, Lopez AM, Weinstein RS. An analysis of unsuccessful telemedicine consultations. J Telemed Telecare 2004; 10:6-10.

169. Barker GP, Krupinski EA, Schellenberg B, Weinstein RS. Expense comparison of a telemedicine practice versus a traditional clinical practice. Telemedicine J e-Health 2004; 10:376-380.

170. Krupinski EA, Lopez AM, Lyman T, Barker G, Weinstein RS. Continuing Education via Telemedicine: Analysis of reasons for attending or not attending. Telemedicine J e-Health 2004; 10:403-409.

171. Barker G, McNeill KM, Krupinski EA, Weinstein RS. Clinical encounters costing for telemedicine services. Telemedicine J e-Health 2004; 10:381-388.

172. Lopez AM, Cruz M, Lazarus S. Webster P, Jones EG, Weinstein RS. Use of American Sign Language in telepsychiatry consultation. Telemed J EHealth 2004; 10:389-91.

173. Weinstein RS, Descour MR, Liang C, Barker G, Scott KM, Richter Ly, Krupinski EA, Bhattacharyya AK, Davis JR, Graham AR, Rennels M, Russum WC, Goodall JF, Zhou P, Olszak AG, Williams BH, Wyant JC, Bartels PH. An array microscope for ultrarapid virtual slide processing and telepathology. Design, fabrication, and validation study. Hum Pathol 2004; 35:1303-1314.

174. Barker GP, Krupinski EA, McNeely RA, Holcomb MJ, Lopez AM, Weinstein RS. (2005). The Arizona Telemedicine Program business model. Journal of Telemedicine & Telecare 2005; 11:397-402.

175. Weinstein RS. Innovations in Medical Imaging and Virtual Microscopy. Hum Pathol 2005; 36(4):317-9.

176. Lopez AM, Avery D, Krupinski E, Lazarus S, Weinstein RS. Increasing access to care via tele-health: the Arizona experience. J Ambul Care Manage 2005; 28:16-23.

177. Cruz M, Krupinski EA, Lopez AM, Weinstein RS. A review of the first five years of the University of Arizona telepsychiatry programme. J Telemed Telecare 2005; 11:234-239.

178. Krupinski EA, TIllack AA, Richter L, Henderson JT, Bhattacharyya AK, Scott KM, Graham AR, Descour MR, Davis JR, Weinstein RS. Eye-movement study and human performance using telepathlogy virtual slides. Implications for medical education and differences with experience. Hum Pathol 2006; 37:1543-1556.

179. Weinstein RS, Lopez AM, Barker GP, Krupinski EA, Descour MR, Scott KM, Richter LC, Beinar SJ, Holcomb MJ, Bartels PH, McNeely RA, Bhattacharyya AK. The innovative bundling of teleradiology telepathology and teleoncology services. IBM Systems Journal 2007; 46:69-84.

180. Weinstein RS, Lopez AM, Barker GP, Krupinski EA, Beinar SJ, Major J, Skinner T, Holcomb MJ, McNeely RA. Arizona Telemedicine Program Interprofessional Learning Center: Facility design and curriculum development. J. Interprofessional Care 2007; 21(SI):1-13.

181. Latifi R, Weinstein RS, Porter JM, Ziemba M, Judkins D, Ridings D, Nassi R, Valenzuela T, Holcomb M, Leyva F. Telemedicine and Telepresence for Trauma and Emergency Care Management. Scandinavian Journal of Surgery 2007; 96:281-289.

182. Weinstein RS. The S-Curve Framework. Predicting the future of anatomic pathology. Arch Pathol Lab Med 2008; 132:739-742.

183. Weinstein RS. Time for a reality check. Arch Pathol Lab Med 2008; 132:777-780.

184. Weinstein, RS. Risks and Rewards of Pathology Innovation: The Academic Pathology Department as a Business Incubator. Arch Pathol Lab Med 133:67-73, In Press.

185. Lopez AM, Graham AR, Barker GP, Richter LC, Krupinski EA, Lian F, Grasso LL, Miller A, Kreykes LN, Henderson JT, bhattacharyya AK, Weinstein RS. Virtual slide telepathology enables an innovative telehealth rapid breast care clinic. Hum Pathol 2009; 40:1082-1091.

186. Weinstein RS, Graham AR, Richter LC, Barker GP, Krupinski EA, Lopez AM, Erps KA, Yagi Y, Gilbertson JR, bhattacharyya AK. Overview of telepathology, virtual microscopy and whole slide imaging: prospects for the future. Hum Pathol 2009; 40:1057-1069.

187. Graham AR, Bhattacharyya AK, Scott KM, Lian F, grasso LL, richter LC, Henderson JT, Carpenter JB, Lopez AM, Barker GP, Weinstein RS. Virtual slide telepathology for an academic teaching hospital surgical pathology quality assurance program. Hum Pathol 2009; 40:1129-1136.

188. Johnson JP, Krupinski EA, Yan M, Roehrig H, Graham AR, Weinstein RS. Using a visual discrimination model for the detection of compression artifacts in virtual pathology images. IEEE Trans Med Imaging 2011; 30:306-314.

189. Krupinski EA, Weinstein RS. Changes in virsual search patterns of pathology residents as they gain experience. SPIE 2011; 7966:7966OP.

190. Weinstein RS, Graham AR, Lian F, Braunhut BL, Barker GP, Krupinski EA, Bhattacharyya AK. Reconciliation of diverse telepathology system designs. Historical issues and implications for emerging markets and new applications. APMIS 2012; 120:256-275.

191. Krupinski EA, Silverstein LD, Hashmi SF, Graham AR, Weinstein RS, Roehrig H. Influence of LCD color reproduction accuracy on observer performance using virtual pathology slides. SPIE 2012; 8318:8318P.

192. Krupinski EA, Silverstein LD, Hashmi SF, Graham AR, Weinstein RS, Roehrig H. Observer performance using virtual pathology slides: impace of LCD color reproduction accuracy. J Digit Imaging 2012; 20:738-743.

193. Krupinski EA, Johnson JP, Jaw S, Graham AR, Weinstein RS. Compressing virtual pathology slides. Human & model overver evaluation. SPIE 2012; 8318:8318OQ.

194. Bahlmann C, Patel A, Johnson J, Ni J, Chekkoury A, Parmeshway K, Kamen A, Grady L, Krupinski EA, Graham AR, Weinstein RS. Automated detection of diagnostically relevant regions in H&E stained digital pathology slides. SPIE 2012.

195. Krupinski EA, Johnson JP, Jaw S, Graham AR, Weinstein RS. Compressing pathology whole-slide images using a human and model ovserver evaluation. J Pathol Inform 2012.

196. Krupinski EA, Graham AR, Weinstein RS. Characterizing the development of visual search expertise in pathology residents viewing whole slide images. Hum Pathol 2013; 44:357-364.

197. Braunhut BL, Graham AR, Richter LC, Webster PD, Krupinski EA, Bhattacharyya AK, Weinstein RS. Fifth generation telepathology systems. Workflow analysis of the robotic dynamic telepathology component. J Pathol 2013; In Press.




Collaborative Research: 


1974-1975 Member, Executive Committee, Tufts Cancer Center

1974-1975 Member, Scientific Advisory Committee, Tufts Cancer Center

1976-1979 Member, Executive Committee, Rush Cancer Center

1975‚-1977 Member, Working Cadre (Study Section), National Bladder Cancer Project, National Cancer Institute

1976-1979 Member, Executive Committee, Rush Cancer Center

1977-1980 Member, Program Committee, National Bladder Cancer Project Annual Workshops, National Cancer Institute

1977-1980 Pathologist, National Bladder Cancer Collaborative Group A, National Cancer Institute

1978-1980 Member, Bladder and Prostatic Cancer Review Committee, National Cancer Institute (Study Section)

1978-1983 Member, Medical Advisory Board, Leukemia Research Foundation

1980-1990 Consultant, Illinois Cancer Council, Clinical Trials Committee

1981-1983 Consultant, Urinary Bladder Subcommittee, National Institute of Health

1981-1990 Consultant, Heart and Lung Institute, National Institutes of Health
1982 Member, Program Committee, Second National Conference on Bladder Cancer

1983-1988 Member, Executive Committee, National Bladder Cancer Group

1983-1984 Member, Program Committee, National Bladder Cancer Project Annual Workshop, National Cancer Institute

1983-1988 Director, Central Pathology Laboratory, National Bladder Cancer Group 1984-1988 Principal Investigator, Urinary Bladder Cancer Flow Cytometry Network,

National Cancer Institute

1985-1986 Member, Bladder Expert Panel, College of American Pathologists

1986-1989 Member, Bladder Cancer Working Group, Organ Systems Program, National Cancer Institute

1987‚-1989 Chairman, Clinical Resources Committee, Bladder Cancer Working Group, National Cancer Institute

1990- Member, Genitourinary Tumor Biology Committee, Southwest Oncology Group

1991-1994 Members, Black/White Bladder and Prostate Cancer Survival Group, National Cancer Institute

1991-1995 Member, Urologic Committee, Southwest Oncology Group

1993-1996 Chairman, Program Committee, International Society for Urologic Pathology

2005-Present Total Cancer Care (TCC) External Advisory Board, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute, Tampa FL

Professional Information
Board Certifications: 


1972Diplomat, American Board of Pathologists

1975-90Harriet Blair Borland Professorship, Rush Medical College

1981-83International Councilor, International Academy of Pathology

1986: Fellow, College of American Pathologists

1989Outstanding Service Award, US and Canadian Academy of Pathology

1998F.K. Mostofi Distinguished Service Award, International Society for Urologic Pathology

1998Manuscript-of- the-Year Award (co-author), Telemedicine Journal

1998: Outstanding Individual Achievement in Telemedicine Award, National TeleCon XVIII Conference

2001President’s Award, American Telemedicine Association (to the Arizona Telemedicine Program)

2002: Excellence in Distance Education for a Telemedicine Program, US Distance Learning Association (to the Arizona Telemedicine Program)

2003Leopold Koss Medal, International Society of Urologic Pathology

2005Wall Street Journal International Innovation Competition, Runner-up (to DMetrix)

2006: Bioscience Start-up Company of the Year, Arizona BioIndustry Association (to DMetrix, Inc.)

2008: Leading Edge Innovator Award, University of Arizona

2008: President’s Leadership Award, American Telemedicine Association

Professional Affiliations: 


1981-1982       President, Chicago Pathology Society

1988-1989       President, United States & Canadian Academy of Pathology

1995-1997       President, International Society for Urological Pathology

2010-2011       President, Association of Pathology Informatics

1998-1999       President, International Council of Societies of Pathology

2003-2004       President, American Telemedicine Association



1990-1991       Secretary-Treasurer, Association of Pathology Chairs

1998-2000       Vice-President, Association of Pathology Chairs

2000-2001       Secretary, American Telemedicine Association

2000-2001       Vice-President, Association for Pathology Informatics

2001-2002       Vice-President, American Telemedicine Association



1962                American Society for Cell Biology

1974                International Academy of Pathology

1974                American Association of Pathology

1975                Chicago Pathology Society

1975                Association of Pathology Chairmen

1979                Red Cell Club

1986                College of American Pathologists

1989                Society for Basic Urological Research

1991                Arizona Society of Pathologists

1991                Tucson Society of Pathologists

1991                International Society for Urologic Pathology

1992                American Society for Investigative Pathology

1992                International Academy for Telemedicine

1994                Arthur Purdy Stout Society

1995                American Association for Cancer Research

1995                American Telemedicine Association

1998                International Society for Telemedicine



1979‚Äë1990       Consulting Editor, Ultrastructural Pathology

1981‚Äë 2004      Editorial Board, Human Pathology

1980‚Äë1986       Editorial Board, Journal of Ultrastructure Research

1983‚Äë1992       Associate Editor, Human Pathology

1984‚Äë2008       Editorial Board, Laboratory Investigation

1985‚Äë1991       Associate Editor, Advances in Pathology

1986‚Äë1991       Editorial Board, Surgical Pathology

1989‚Äë2002       Editorial Board, Journal of Pathology

1990‚Äë2000       Editorial Board, Journal of Urogenital Pathology

1992-1996       Editor-in-Chief, Advances in Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

1997- 2005      Associate Editor, Human Pathology

1999-               Editorial Board, Telemedicine Journal and e-Health

2006-               Editorial Board, Human Pathology



1988                James A. Campbell, M.D., Alumni Service Award, Rush Medical College

1994               Basic Science Educator-of-the-Year, Univ. of Arizona College of Medicine

1995                Basic Science Educator-of-the-Year, Univ. of Arizona College of Medicine

1996                Basic Science Educator-of-the-Year, Univ. of Arizona College of Medicine

1997                Basic Science Educator-of-the Year, Lifetime Award, University of Arizona College of Medicine

1995                Furrow Award for Excellence in Innovations in Teaching, Univ. of Arizona  College of Medicine

1996                Outstanding Teacher in the Basic Sciences, University of Arizona   College of Medicine (Elected to hood Senior Class at graduation)

1997                Outstanding Teacher in the Basic Sciences, University of Arizona   College of Medicine (Elected to hood Senior Class at graduation)

1998                Outstanding Teacher in the Basic Sciences, University of Arizona   College of Medicine (Elected to hood Senior Class at graduation)

2002, 2007      Faculty Marshall at Graduation, Arizona College of Medicine

 2010               Emeritus Presidency of the American Telemedicine Association

2010               Distinguished Service Award ArMA

2010               Arizona Capitol Times Leaders of the Year

2010               Lifetime Achievement Award-Assoication of Pathology Informatics

2010               Nott Medal-Union College

2011               Senior Fellow, Association of Pathology Chairs

2013                Hall of Fame, US Distance Learning Association

Academic Information
Massachusetts, General Hospital, Boston
Massachusetts, General Hospital, Boston
MD Tufts University, School of Medicine
Medical School: 
Tufts University, School of Medicine
Undergraduate School: 
Union College B.S.